Desegregation: the process of ending the separation of two groups of people by law.
Integration: leveling barriers to association, creating equal opportunity regardless of race, and the development of a culture that draws on diverse traditions, rather than merely bringing a racial minority into the majority culture.
The ruling which allowed 8 year old Linda Brown, as well as every other black child, to attend any public school is recognized as a landmark decision which officially ended racial segregation in schools. After the court ruled in favor of Linda Brown's family in 1954, school districts were required by federal law to desegregate their schools. This time period is often called integration.
I am labeling the title integration as a MISNOMER. The process of desegregation did occur as black children were brought to white schools with the protection of U.S. marshals, however, this in no way means integration of students occurred. If Kanye West and George W. Bush were forced by federal law to sit in the same room together, they would do it simply because it is law. This does not mean they like or respect each other, it simply means they do not want to suffer the legal ramifications. The same happened during desegregation. The proof is in the fact that U.S. marshals were needed to escort Linda Brown and thousands of other black students to the all white schools.
Segregated schools still exist today. Look at any large city in the United States; Los Angeles, Detroit, New Jersey, New York, Baltimore, Boston, these cities have diverse populations attending racially homogeneous schools- lack of integration. To truly integrate schools, communities must integrate. Students are required, by law, to attend the schools within the area of their home if they are attending a public school. Therefore, if a student lives in an area where there are housing projects or low income housing (the inner city), they must attend an inner city school. As African Americans entered the cities listed above in the mid 1960s, white flight occurred and white Americans moved to the suburbs. The mid 1960s, ironically, contain the most civil rights legislation to ever be passed.....
Civil Rights legislation......white Americans leaving cities as African Americans enter them: The law has yet to make communities and therefore schools, integrate.